The Ruaha is the largest National Park lies between two large rivers of Great Ruaha River and Njombe with its vast area covers 13,000 sq km and still comparatively unexplored bird and game sanctuary. It’s the second largest National park after Serengeti with the largest Elephants sanctuary over 10,000 and large buffalo herds in the south-west of the country.
The topography of Ruaha is lush plains, open grasslands, thickets, flood plains and woodland. Also, the park is bordered by mountains with altitude of 1,600 meters to its massif Ngalambulwa. The common wild animals that inhabit the Ruaha National Park are herds of Giraffe, Buffalo, and Impala during the dry season of June through November. Others includes roan and sable antelope, lesser kudu, hartebeest, hippos, common zebras, and warthog among other herbivores. The carnivores such as hunting dogs, lion, spotted hyena, fox, leopard, cheetah and crocodile resting to the river banks.The park is rich of plants and animals such as Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) which can not be found in any other national park. The park boasts of her almost untouched and unexplored ecosystem, making visitors’ safari experience very unique.
Along the Ruaha river and the surrounding generally more than 571 birds’ species being recorded and some of them are known to be migrants from within and outside Africa., these includes rare raptorial Eleonora’s falcon, migrating flocks, marabou stork, horn bills, kingfishers and sun birds. Other species includes the endangered African Wild Dog and the Sable Antelope.
Ruaha National Park has a high diversity of plants and animals including elephants, buffalos, antelopes and some of rare and endangered species like wild dogs. The park serves as water shade both for wildlife and human being. This makes it to be economically significant as it supports agricultural activities down stream and contributes to hydro- electric power (HEP) for the country at Mtera and Kidatu dams.